Textures can be smooth, rough, and anything else your hand feels when it touches a surface. You can photograph them either from a distance or up close. Depth, good contrast, and patterns are what defines textures.

Patterns are simply repeated shapes, colours or objects, ordered in either regular or irregular formations.   Patterns are found wherever strong graphic elements repeat themselves, for example, lines, geometric shapes, forms and colors. The repetition doesn’t have to be absolutely precise or uniform - it can be loose and organic.   Patterns in photography draw attention. 

Photographic techniques to consider:  Macro, Lighting, Repetition, Symmetry.